Click now to find answers to questions such as what is varicose, why it occurs, how it is understood and what methods it is treated!

What is varicose veins?

Varicose veins is a health problem that occurs as a result of the expansion and lengthening of the leg veins. In this case, the veins become twisted and a feeling of pain and heaviness begins in the body in the evening. This problem is seen in approximately 10-20% of western societies. The incidence of this condition increases with age.

This can be seen in one out of every two people over the age of 50. If you have capillary formation in your legs and swelling and purple spots on your ankles, this indicates varicose veins. In addition to these, if you have redness, itching, dryness and non-healing bleeding under the skin, you should immediately consult a cardiovascular specialist.

Varicose veins treatment in Turkey is a frequently preferred treatment method performed by cardiovascular surgeons. There are many different applications for the treatment of varicose veins in Turkey. After a general examination about your varicose veins problem, the most appropriate action is taken by your doctor.

What Causes Varicose Veins?

Multiple factors are effective in the occurrence of this situation. Genetic factors and this situation can be seen frequently in old age. In addition, pregnancy and excess weight gain, standing for a long time, being a woman, doing certain occupations, using birth control pills and taking hormone therapy can also cause this condition. Wearing tight clothes and constipation are also known to cause this condition.

In this case, which is caused by the insufficiency of the venous valve, the blood constantly flows back and pools. This causes a high pressure increase in the vein. Swelling occurs with increased pressure. As this situation continues, the expansion of the vein increases and curls occur.

This condition can be seen at any level of the veins. There may be venous insufficiency in the groin. Insufficiency can also be seen at the leg level. Another reason is the clotting in the vein and as a result, the pooling of the blood behind the vein and the enlargement of the vein.

What are the Symptoms of Varicose Veins?

In the case of varicose veins, the following symptoms are usually observed:

  • Pain, fatigue and aching sensations after exertion in the legs, usually in the evening
  • Occurrence of capillaries in the leg area
  • Swelling in ankles
  • Seeing purple spots on the ankle
  • Redness, itching and dryness on the skin
  • Bleeding under the skin that is not easy to heal
  • Although it is not seen in everyone, the hardening of the subcutaneous fat layer and consequently the collapse of the skin on the ankle
  • Restless legs syndrome seen in some cases

Who Sees Varicose?

This condition is less common in men than in women. This problem, which women encounter more, can be seen as hereditary. Women with this condition in their family are at risk in this regard. Obesity, pregnancy and menopause can also cause this condition. This problem can also occur in elderly people and people who have to stand for a long time.

Varicose veins treatment in Turkey is carried out in a safe and healthy way by specialist cardiovascular surgeons who have case experience on this subject. You can get detailed information about both the problem and treatment methods by asking all the questions you are wondering about your varicose veins problem to our specialist doctors.

What are the Types of Varicose Veins?

There are 4 different types of varicose veins. We can list them as follows:

1. Spider Web

Veins called telangiectasia are seen superficially on the skin. They are 1 mm or less in length. They are veins that cannot be felt by hand. Their color is usually red. They can be seen locally in the form of stars. They can also be seen in the form of spider webs. These veins, which are common linear formations, can envelop the entire leg.

2. Reticular Varices

They have a slightly raised appearance on the skin surface. Their diameter is less than 4 mm. Their color is usually blue and they are very difficult to feel by hand.

3. Great Vein Varieties

They can be large or small in size. They have large wide folds and can be easily felt by hand. They can also be seen with the naked eye. Their diameter is usually greater than 3 mm. Since they are seen under the skin, they do not cause a change in the color of the skin. Their color is usually seen as greenish. They create a raised appearance on the skin. As the standing time increases, their prominence increases. They disappear when the legs are raised in a lying position.

4. Varicose Veins of the Deep

They are located in the inner part of the deep layer of the leg. They cannot be seen from the outside, but they can still cause edema and circulatory disorders in the leg area.

How is Varicose Veins Diagnosed?

Today, many radiological examinations are used for diagnosis. Among them, the color Doppler ultrasonography method gives the most qualified result. This method is applied while the patient is lying down and standing.

With this method, which is used for the definitive diagnosis of the problem, the structure of the veins, clots formed, defects in the valves and leaks can be easily determined. It is also possible to benefit from computed tomography, magnetic resonance and venography examinations. Correct diagnosis is the key to treatment.

How is Varicose Veins Treated?

This problem may not cause any symptoms for many years in the majority of patients. Some patients may encounter symptoms that are so annoying that they cannot do their daily living activities. This can cause chronic fatigue and pain problems in the legs.

In the absence of treatment, clotting or wound opening may occur in the lungs. Therefore, this is a problem that needs to be treated. After the application of qualified side methods, an appropriate treatment plan should be made.

Today, various methods are applied to solve this problem. There are basically two purposes of treatment. The first treats the incompetent vein. The other aim is to take the necessary measures to prevent the same problem from recurring. Thus, the complaints that occur in the patient are not repeated.

The main treatment methods are surgical treatment, the use of compression stockings and needle therapy. Intravenous laser therapy is also a type of treatment that is frequently applied today. Which method should be applied is determined by the specialist doctor according to the size and prevalence of the problem.

Turkey is one of the leading health centers where patients from different parts of the world can benefit from the treatment processes in a safe and healthy way for the treatment of varicose veins. In Turkey, the treatment of varicose veins is carried out with great care by specialist doctors.

Varicose Veins Surgery

In varicose vein surgery, the vein with the problem is detected and then small incisions are made in the ankle and groin. The vein ends are ligated and removed from the opened incisions. Anesthesia is required for the application of this method. Surgery for treatment is one of the most classical methods used for many years. However, nowadays this method is not preferred as much as it used to be. Now, with the developing technologies, it is possible to treat without incision and anesthesia.

Varicose Veins Treatment with Foam

Foam treatment is performed for vessels that are thicker than very fine capillaries, but thinner than the main saphenous vein. With this treatment method, foam is injected into the vein. Thus, the inside of the vessel is destroyed and the vessel is closed by sticking. Thus, the vein with varicose formation is closed.

How to Prevent Varicose Development?

The measures that can be taken to prevent the development of the disease are as follows:

  • Exercising and doing sports regularly
  • Not standing for a long time and not sitting for a long time again
  • Stopping excess weight gain and losing excess weight
  • Sitting for a long time without putting too much weight on the leg
  • Wearing tight and tight clothes that tighten the legs
  • Wearing comfortable shoes during the day
  • Being careful not to be constipated for a long time, consuming high-fiber foods
  • After standing for a long time, raising the legs in the air and resting in that way
  • Not being in spas for a long time
  • If there is a risk situation, using compression stockings
  • Massage to other parts of the leg instead of directly above the varicose veins.

Frequently Asked Questions About Varicose Veins

Is Varicose Veins Dangerous?

This situation may disturb the person only in appearance when it first starts to occur. In advanced cases, inflammation of the veins and bleeding in the veins can be seen. The formation of a clot in the varicose increases the risk of a clot in the lungs. These are quite serious problems.

What Does Compression Stocking Do?

As a result of circulatory disorders and venous insufficiency, varicose veins can be seen. It is important to use compression stockings to support the treatment. However, this stocking should be used under the supervision of a doctor. According to the doctor’s advice, socks should be worn throughout the day. It is important to put on the socks before getting out of bed in the morning.

Does Foam Treatment Hurt?

No, the foam treatment does not cause any aches and pains. Local anesthesia is applied to relieve the pain that may occur at the needle insertion. Painkillers may also be given intravenously for added comfort.

In this way, the patient does not feel any pain during the procedure. Today, with the development of technology and treatment types, it is now possible to be treated without pain.

What Causes Varicose Veins on Legs?

There are many factors that cause this situation. These are usually as follows:

  • Insufficiency of the venous valve
  • Pregnancy
  • Excess weight
  • Standing for a long time and doing some occupations that require it
  • Being a woman
  • Using birth control pills and taking hormone treatments
  • Preferring to wear tight clothes
  • Constipation that continues for a long time
  • Aging and genetic factors

Is Walking Good for Varicose Veins?

Daily walking is one of the healthiest activities for the body. Regular walking helps you burn calories and keeps your body fitter. Moving is also a good option for people with varicose veins.

However, it is necessary to avoid jogging for a long time and engaging in heavy sports. Doing heavy sports can cause too much load on the veins. Therefore, it should not be preferred. However, cycling and light walks are very good options.

What is the Final Solution for Varicose Veins?

First of all, this is a physiological problem. Therefore, treatment is possible. Although capillary treatment is applied for people suffering from varicose veins, it is always possible to develop varicose veins in other parts over time. However, it is not possible to see the same situation again in the same region.

However, it is essential that the treatment be carried out by specialist doctors. Performing venous mapping before treatment will increase the chance of success in the treatment. Therefore, you must make sure that your treatment plan includes venous mapping.

Does Varicose Itch?

Using socks for the treatment of varicose veins can cause itching in some people. If itching is accompanied by swelling, cramps and color changes, this should not be considered normal. In such a case, you should consult your doctor without wasting any time.

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