Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)

The answer to all your questions about Gastric Sleeve Surgery, also known as Sleeve Gastrectomy, is in our content!

What is Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

Morbid obesity can be defined as an individual’s body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher. These individuals also experience health problems associated with obesity. It is an extremely harmful and deadly condition that threatens human health. Because a large amount of fat accumulation is seen in the body of an obese person. While this excess fat mass can physically prevent a person from doing their daily activities, it also puts pressure on the internal organs.

Individuals with obesity problems have a very low chance of returning to their healthy weight with non-surgical methods. The rate of obese individuals who can lose weight by dieting and exercising is only 2%. Although diet and sports have a very important place in weight loss, metabolic surgery should be applied in case of morbid obesity.

This is because obesity is a condition that cannot be solved simply by “losing weight”. Over the years, excessive fat wraps around the internal organs and starts to prevent the organs from working properly. This brings with it many health problems. In this case, metabolic syndrome begins to be seen and the way to treat this condition is metabolic surgery.

Sleeve Gastrectomy, also known as sleeve gastrectomy surgery, is the surgery to turn the stomach into a tube. This method is also known as stomach reduction surgery. Most of the organs in the digestive system are tubular. An exception to this is the stomach. The stomach is more like a sac. This is because it can take and store more food. In overweight individuals, the stomach expands over time and it becomes difficult to provide a feeling of satiety. Thanks to this surgery, the stomach is not only reduced; In addition, the hunger hormone secreted from the stomach is also controlled.

In this surgery, a part of the stomach is irreversibly removed and made into a tube. After this process, the continuation of the esophagus and the intestines are connected and brought back into a system. A foreign body such as a tube is not placed in the stomach. Since the stomach was turned into a tube (pipe) with this surgery, the name of the operation remained as sleeve gastrectomy surgery.

After the operation, the feeling of hunger of the person is also controlled. The only purpose of this surgery is not to shrink the person’s stomach. Because with the operation, the hunger hormone secreted from the stomach is also controlled. In this way, after the surgery, the person cannot eat large portions and often as before. As a matter of fact, the desire to eat decreases and your brain starts to feel less hungry. In other words, it is possible to say that this surgery also creates a hormonal effect.

Gastric sleeve surgery performed in the field of obesity surgery is one of the most commonly performed operations. There are many specialist doctors in Turkey who have accomplished successful studies in the field of bariatric surgery.

Every year, thousands of patients increase their quality of life by losing weight in a healthy way with sleeve gastrectomy surgeries in Turkey.

In Which Diseases Is Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy) Used?

The disease in which this surgery is primarily used is morbid obesity. Apart from this, diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia that occur together with morbid obesity also benefit from this surgery.

In cases where the priority is not obesity but type 2 diabetes, bypass group surgeries are more successful than sleeve gastrectomy surgery. In addition, type gastric surgery can also be used for transition to bypass group surgeries for morbidly obese individuals. It can be applied to prepare patients in this situation for bypass surgery.

Who Is Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy) Suitable For?

Gastric reduction surgery is suitable for those with a body mass index of 30-40 and above. This method is one of the most preferred methods for people suffering from obesity. Although it is not as effective as bypass surgery, those who suffer from hypertension, sleep apnea, type 2 diabetes and similar disorders due to excess weight can also benefit from this surgery.

This surgery is not recommended for obesity patients whose diabetes is not under control. At the same time, obesity patients with severe reflux may not be suitable for this surgery. Patients in this situation need to resort to other surgeries that they can benefit from.

How Is Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy) Performed?

This surgery is performed under general anesthesia. It is mostly performed by closed laparoscopic method. Depending on the patient or surgeon, it can be made from a single hole or 4-5 holes. It is also possible to do it with a robot.

In order not to make the stomach too small during the surgery, a calibration tube the size of the esophagus is placed at the entrance of the stomach. In this way, the stomach is reduced as if it is a continuation of the esophagus. However, excessive stenosis and clogging are also prevented.

After taking precautions against bleeding and vascularization, the stomach is cut from length to length with the help of surgical cutting and occlusive instruments. After removing the stomach and shaping it into a tube, the calibration tube is removed. Before the end of the operation, it is tested for leaks and if all is well, the operation is terminated.

Gastric sleeve surgery in Turkey is performed by doctors who are experts and experienced in this field. This expertise is also very important for a comfortable surgery. Health services in Turkey are highly preferred around the world due to their successful work in sleeve gastrectomy surgery.

What Should Be Considered Before Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

In order to check whether the patient has any problems that may affect the operation, various tests should be performed before the operation. It is checked whether there are diseases such as heart problems and stomach ulcers that may prevent the surgery. Then, the conditions that prevent the surgery are eliminated and the patient is made suitable for surgery. However, it should be noted that these treatments can take months.

In order to eliminate the negativities that may be experienced during the operation, the patient must be made suitable for the operation. A special diet program for 10-15 days can be applied to patients who are very overweight and have advanced liver fattening before surgery. The purpose of this diet is to make the surgery risk-free by shrinking the liver. The patient in question is hospitalized on the day of surgery and is usually discharged within 2-4 days.

What are the Advantages of Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

Sleeve gastrectomy surgery has many advantages. These advantages can be listed in two groups. These are its advantages over not having surgery and its advantages over other surgeries.

One of its advantages compared to other surgeries is its higher efficiency. In other words, it is much more effective than other surgeries. Thanks to the development of surgical methods, obesity surgical methods such as clamps are no longer preferred. Gastric sleeve surgery gives a more successful and effective result compared to these old methods.

In addition, this surgery does not impair the passage of food. It does not change the anatomy of the digestive system. Therefore, it is a surgical method suitable for the natural structure of the digestive system. However, it is an easier and faster surgery. Complication rates have also decreased thanks to the developing technology. As a matter of fact, the duration of anesthesia is also short.

The advantages of sleeve gastrectomy surgery compared to other methods can be listed as follows:

  • It does not reduce the absorption of food.
  • The hospital stay is shorter.
  • Within one year after the operation, the diseases caused by obesity disappear at a rate of 55-80%.
  • Again, 60-80% of excess weight is lost within a year.
  • Since a foreign body is not placed in the stomach, there are no related problems.
  • Dumping Syndrome, which is usually observed in gastric bypass, does not occur.

Its advantage over non-operation is that it is precise and effective in the treatment of obesity compared to other methods. It has a higher success rate compared to methods such as medication, diet or sports. It also helps to ensure quick and lasting success.

Another advantage is related to the experience of doctors in this regard. Physicians who perform sleeve gastrectomy surgery in Turkey draw attention with their experience and high success rates. They achieve satisfactory and healthy results with tube stomach surgeries that they apply to local and international obesity patients every year.

What are the Risks of Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

It is possible to collect the risks of sleeve gastrectomy surgery under three headings.

1. General Surgery Complications: These are the discomforts that can be seen in all kinds of surgical procedures. There is a risk of infection and/or bleeding in the person undergoing surgery. Although these risks are low, they are also valid for sleeve gastrectomy surgery.

2. Risks of Surgery for Obese Patients: There are some risks in any surgical procedure applied to an obese individual. These risks do not only apply to sleeve gastrectomy surgery. These risks are risks such as heart, lung, embolism, lung extinction, kidney failure or muscle breakdown.

3. Risks of Tube Stomach Surgery:
● Small leaks that may occur in the suture line of the stomach, whose volume is reduced
● Abscess formation due to leaks
● Reflux problem in advanced stage
● Gastric bleeding
● Intra-abdominal bleeding
● Swelling in the patient’s abdomen, nausea, vomiting

How Should Nutrition Be After Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

Patients, especially in the first two days after stomach reduction surgery; fed with protein solutions, water and juice. After the first week, soup is started and protein solutions are continued during this period. As of the third week, it can be passed to food in the form of porridge. After the surgery, solid foods and liquids should not be consumed. Nausea or diarrhea may occur, as fluids will pass more quickly.

In the following periods, low-calorie and sugar-free foods should be preferred. Contrary to what is feared in this period, the patient’s appetite is not completely cut off. Only the feeling of satiety is achieved by eating less. The patient, who did not feel full despite the large portions before, will be able to provide the feeling of satiety with small portions thanks to this surgery.

Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy) Prices 2023

There are many factors that affect the prices of sleeve gastrectomy surgery. These can vary from patient to patient. However, this surgery should be performed in a well-equipped hospital by a specialist doctor.

The high quality of the materials used during the surgery also affects the prices. Post-operative care and follow-up are also very important. Prices may also vary for patients who need to be kept in intensive care. Considering such variables, it would not be correct to give a clear price.

Gastric sleeve surgery in Turkey is quite economical. You can have your gastric sleeve surgery in Turkey at affordable prices and at the same time discover this country full of historical riches. Thus, you can both regain your health and enjoy your holiday.

You can contact our doctors and health institutions about sleeve gastrectomy surgery in Turkey and send your questions.

Frequently Asked Questions About Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)

How Long Does Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy) Take?

This operation takes an average of 1 hour. Depending on the patient’s condition, it may take between 30-90 minutes.

How Much Weight Is Expected to Lose in a Month After Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

Weight lost after sleeve gastrectomy varies from patient to patient. There is no clear monthly target. The height and weight of each patient affects the weight they will lose.

Will Weight Gain Again After Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

Weight gain is observed in patients who continue their irregular eating habits.

Is There an Age Limit for Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

Except in exceptional cases, this operation is not performed considering the development before the age of 18.

What is the Appropriate Weight Range for Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

When deciding on stomach reduction surgery, body mass index is taken as a basis, not weight. If this index is in the range of 18-25, it is considered normal. People between 25 and 30 are considered overweight, and people over 30 are considered obese. Not every patient in this range may be suitable for surgery. Individuals with a BMI of 35 and above, as well as those suffering from diseases brought on by obesity, are suitable for surgery. Those over 40 are suitable for surgery even if they do not have any discomfort.

How is Weight Loss Achieved in Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

First, the stomach is reduced in size and made into a tube. The secretion of Ghrelin, the hunger hormone, is thus reduced. In this way, the need to eat frequently is prevented and weight loss is achieved.

Who Is Not Suitable For Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

It is not suitable for patients with cancer, advanced liver failure, active heart disease, congenital low level of consciousness, severe reflux, and patients who will not comply with post-operative nutritional rules.

When Can A Person Who Has Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy) Return To Her Routine Life?

The patient is discharged on the 3rd or 4th day after the operation. He can return to desk work in two weeks. In 1-1.5 months, he/she can do work that requires physical strength.

Is There Any Scar After Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

In this surgery, mostly closed laparoscopic method is used. The number of holes used may vary depending on the current condition of the patient in question. The holes are usually 1-1.5 cm. between. These holes are closed with aesthetic methods. Although there may be a very slight scar after the operation, this does not pose a problem in terms of appearance.

Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy) Sonrası Mide Büyür mü?

If bad eating habits cannot be stopped after the surgery, there is a risk of the stomach growing again. The stomach is a flexible organ. Therefore, the person should pay attention to his nutrition after the operation.

Is It Inconvenient to Lift Weights After Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

It is not recommended to lift weights and overload the body in the early period after the surgery. However, there is nothing that prevents weight lifting in the future.

When Can You Start Sports After Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

Although recovery times for each patient may differ, if your doctor approves, light-paced walks can be started 10 days after the surgery. Active sports can be resumed within 1-1.5 months. It is not a life-long surgery that restricts doing sports, but sports should be done by consulting a specialist after the surgery.

What is the Difference Between Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy) and Gastric Bypass?

In sleeve gastrectomy surgery, a part of the stomach is removed and turned into a tube. Gastric bypass surgery is a two-stage operation. In this surgery, a pouch is created and connected to the small intestine. When patients eat, the nutrients first pass into this pouch and then directly into the small intestine.

Does Hair Loss Occur After Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)?

Although hair loss is not common after this surgery, it can happen. This is due to the lack of substances to nourish the hair. In this case, the patient should be taken to a blood test to detect insufficient substances and take supplements.

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