You can find everything you wonder about Oncological Surgery or Cancer Surgery in our content!

What is Oncological Surgery (Cancer Surgery)?

Oncological surgery is a field of medicine that detects cancer, determines the stage of cancer, and then uses surgery for treatment. It is also known as cancer surgery in the medical literature. Oncological surgeons remove cancerous tissue and organs as needed.

In addition, tumor sizes can be reduced by this surgical method. In addition, the pain caused by cancer and the symptoms and side effects experienced by the patient due to cancer are also managed. For these, oncological surgeons also perform palliative surgeries.

In order for the surgical operation to be performed, it must be determined that the patient is not a suitable candidate for the operation. For this, factors such as the type, size, location, grade and stage of the tumor are evaluated. In addition, the patient’s age, physical fitness, and whether they have any other medical conditions are also important.

After all the necessary evaluations regarding the patient’s health are made, surgical assistance can be obtained. Other health indicators of the patient are also taken into account in oncology surgeries. Different surgical methods can be applied depending on the size of the tumor, its location and whether it metastasizes. These are usually open, laparoscopic and robotic surgery.

Turkey is a world-renowned country with its success in oncological surgical procedures. Oncological surgery operations in Turkey are carried out with great care and success in experienced doctors and health institutions with high facilities. Success in oncological surgery practices in Turkey is often cited as an example by health authorities.

Why Go To Oncological Surgery?

Surgical oncology, also known as cancer surgery. This type of surgery is a field of medicine that is primarily based on the use of surgical methods to treat cancer. In the past, surgical methods have been used frequently for the treatment of cancer. The main reason for surgical intervention is to completely separate the tumor from the body and to treat the patient.

It is not always possible to completely separate the tumor from the body. Even in this case, surgical oncology can also be applied as part of multiple treatments. Therefore, surgical oncology is applied in many different fields to treat cancer.

Which Diseases Does Oncological Surgery Treat?

This area enables the detection of many different types of cancer. It also plays an important role in the stages and treatment of cancer. This method can be used in the treatment of the following different types of cancer:

  • Breast cancer
  • Brain cancer
  • Soft tissue cancer (Sarcoma)
  • Stomach cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Gynecological cancer types
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Skin cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Bone cancer

Doctors working in the field of oncological surgery in Turkey have successful studies and various specializations on this subject. They perform their treatments by following the latest technological developments in treatment methods for different cancer types. Turkish doctors who have worked and achieved success in this field for many years with high-tech methods in cancer treatment in Turkey achieve satisfactory results.

What are the Diseases Treated with Surgical Oncology?

Many different types of diseases can be treated with this type of surgery. These include cancer surgery, general surgery, endocrine surgery, thoracic surgery, gynecological oncology, urology, neurosurgery, head and neck surgery, orthopedic oncology, breast and oncoplastic surgery.

General Surgery:

General surgery is used in the treatment of many different diseases. Breast and thyroid cancers, liver tumors, biliary cancers, pancreatic tumors, stomach, large intestine and rectum cancers and esophageal tumors are among the diseases that can be treated with general surgery.

Thoracic Surgery:

Chest surgery is used for lung and pleural cancers, tumors of the chest wall, and respiratory tract tumors. Palliative methods may also be preferred in advanced stages of the lung and other organs. Interventional procedures and stent applications are performed for lung and respiratory tract tumors.

Gynecological Oncology:

Cancers of the uterus, cervix, ovary, tube, vulva and reproductive tract are called female cancers. Surgical methods are also used in the treatment of such cancers.


Laparoscopic and robotic surgery methods are used for prostate cancer. For bladder tumor, help can be obtained from closed surgical applications. Kidney tumor surgeries for adrenal gland cancers and testicular tumors are also performed.

Brain surgery:

This area performs surgical interventions on childhood brain and nerve tumors and pituitary tumors. Microsurgical and endoscopic techniques are also used for skull base tumors. Sometimes tumors settle in sensitive brain areas. After the surgical methods are applied for this, paralysis may occur after the surgery. Against this risk, help is taken from neuromonitorization technology.

Head and neck Surgery:

Surgical methods are applied for laryngeal, pharyngeal, nasal cavity tumors, tonsil and salivary gland cancers. The same methods are used for tumors that stay in the oral cavity, floor of the mouth, tongue, uppermost part of the throat and the lower part of the throat and settle here.

Orthopedic Oncology Department:

It primarily looks at tumors originating from the bone itself. Apart from this, surgical methods are also used to treat bone metastases of organ tumors, malignant tumors in the skeletal system, tumors involving connective tissue, vessels and nerves. This area provides assistance for all skeletal system tumors in childhood and adulthood.

Breast and Oncoplastic Surgery:

This field is primarily used in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with breast cancer. However, the field is not limited to this. Breast loss occurs after breast surgery. In order to eliminate this, special surgical areas where oncological and aesthetic surgery are applied together are used. Thus, oncological and plastic surgery merge. With these application methods, patients who have lost their breasts due to cancer treatment can regain the comfort and appearance they want.

You can have oncology specialists in Turkey make the applications in the field of oncological surgery, for which we have given examples above, in a safe and healthy way, so that you can both benefit from the health opportunities in Turkey and add healthy and pleasant memories to your life by taking a vacation in Turkey.

What Does Oncological Surgery Aim for?

Thanks to the great developments in the last 20 years, cancer surgery has now started to provide patients with difference, comfort and the opportunity to return to daily life easily. The goal in this surgery is to remove the entire tumor from the body. For this, timing and the stage of the cancer are very important. Cancer surgery should also be in a good arrangement with other branches. Surgery plays a critical role in treatment.

In order to achieve success in the treatment process, some important points must be met. Otherwise, recurrence of the disease and distant organ metastases may be seen at the site of the tumor. In order to avoid this, the disease must be completely eliminated and treated. This is curative treatment. This is the main goal of cancer surgery.

Personalized treatment options are applied for cancer surgery. This usually includes open, closed or robotic methods. In order for cancer surgery to be considered successful, cancerous cells must be completely removed in the most accurate way. In addition, the patient should feel less pain after the operation and the comfort of life should increase even more. The patient should also be able to maintain all functions after the procedure and be able to recover in a short time. In the case that these are provided, a successful cancer surgery can be mentioned.

In Which Situations Cancer Surgery Cannot Be Performed?

Cancer treatment is no longer a limited type of treatment. It has become indispensable for an organized treatment process. Especially in recent years, thanks to the developing technologies, cancer treatment has jumped to an important dimension. Thus, cancer has become a more easily treatable health problem for all surgeons. Surgical operations are performed for the comfort of both the doctor and the patient. In this way, surgeries that could not be performed before are now gradually decreasing.

Even organs that were previously untouchable are now treatable thanks to new and current surgical methods. An example of this is pancreatic cancer surgery. Thanks to this surgical method, the tumor is prevented from holding the nearby veins. For this, vascular surgeries are performed. In addition, the very effective drug regimen in oncology has made pancreatic cancer, which was considered incurable, curable. In this way, cancers that have metastasized to the liver can also be reduced. Thanks to all these developments, cancer surgery has become a type of treatment that improves the quality of life of the person.

Despite all these developments, some cancers are still inoperable today. Surgery can only be applied in solid organ tumors. Non-surgical methods should be applied to the patient in blood cancers. In addition, certain conditions must be met in order for tumors to be surgically removed from the body. In some cases, tumors may be too large to be surgically removed. The patient’s distant organ metastases may also prevent surgery. Surgical operations also carry many different risks for elderly patients. In these cases, cancer surgery may not be applied.

In cases where cancer surgery cannot be performed, as an option, the tumors can be operated after they are shrunk. For this, non-surgical treatments should be preferred. However, even in this case, cancer cells may remain behind. In order to reduce this risk to zero, it may be necessary to take advantage of preventive treatments that support surgery. When stomach cancer is detected at an early stage, most patients can get rid of this condition with surgery.

However, alternative treatment methods may be necessary for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. It may also be helpful for people with certain chronic diseases to benefit from alternative treatments. For the most appropriate type of treatment for the person, the patient’s health status should be determined well.

Then, the order of application of the treatment should be carefully planned. Treatment of patients diagnosed with cancer in a cancer center significantly increases the success rate of treatment.

What is the Difference Between Medical Oncology and Surgical Oncology?

Surgical oncology and medical oncology jointly provide the treatment and follow-up of the patient. Briefly, medical oncology aims to treat cancer with drugs. Surgical oncology, on the other hand, as the name suggests, is the provision of surgical intervention for the treatment of cancer. Thus, the cancerous tissue is removed from the person’s body.

The main purpose of oncological surgery is to remove the cancerous tissue from the body and to prevent the recurrence of cancer in this way. Many surgical disciplines stand out in this regard. Contrary to popular belief, the idea that biopsy and surgery cause cancer to spread is not true. On the contrary, biopsy is vital for the diagnosis of cancer. The presence of cancer can be determined definitively by taking a tissue sample from the tumor. This certainly does not cause the cancer to spread.

Medical oncology is known as the treatment of cancer with drugs. However, this type of treatment does not only include the treatment of cancer, contrary to what is thought. It also covers points such as cancer prevention, cancer screening and early prevention. All stages of cancer are related to medical oncology. This field also cooperates with surgery.

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