You can find everything you wonder about obesity surgery in our content, and you can clear the question marks in your mind!
What is Obesity Surgery?
The state of body mass index over 30 is called obesity. This is a disease that needs to be treated. If not treated; the risk of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, heart diseases, infertility and cancer increases.
Obese individuals are less likely to regain their health by non-surgical methods. Obesity surgery is used to help the patient. Obesity surgery includes various operations that involve surgical removal of a certain part of the stomach or establishing new connections between the intestines and the stomach. The main purpose here is to help the patient lose weight.
The two most commonly used methods in bariatric surgery today; tube stomach surgery and gastric bypass surgery. These methods are applied for patients who cannot lose weight with non-surgical methods such as diet and exercise. When working with specialist surgeons, these methods support obese individuals to regain their health.
Weight loss is not the only goal. It also targets the recovery of metabolic diseases such as fatty liver, diabetes and high blood pressure that occur with obesity. In addition, hormonal changes are observed in the body of the individual. The first of these is the decrease in the secretion of hunger hormone with the surgery. In this way, a transition to a healthy routine is ensured after the surgery.
Gastric sleeve gastrectomy is the most preferred surgical method due to its low risk, short duration and effectiveness. It is the procedure of taking a part of the stomach into a tube. Another surgical method is gastric bypass surgery.
This surgery is usually preferred in special cases. This surgery is the first choice in cases with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, and especially in cases where BMI, that is, body mass index, is very high. In addition, gastric bypass is applied as the second surgical method in patients who gain weight again despite having sleeve gastrectomy surgery.
Gastric sleeve surgery and gastric bypass, performed in the field of obesity surgery, are among the common operations in Turkey. There are many specialist doctors in Turkey who have accomplished successful studies in the field of bariatric surgery.
Patients with obesity problems with thousands of cases every year increase their quality of life by losing weight in a healthy way with bariatric surgery applications in Turkey.
In Which Situations Is Bariatric Surgery Applied?
As a result of excessive weight gain, the hormone metabolism in the body begins to deteriorate. Excessive fat accumulation in the body increases the risk of developing life-threatening diseases such as diabetes and blood pressure. When these diseases begin to appear, it becomes difficult for the patient to lose weight and regain health through diet and exercise. Surgery is required if the body mass index is 30 and above 30.
It should be noted that these surgeries are not done to look weaker. The aim of the surgery is to restore the obese individual to health. In order to have the surgery, it is necessary to comply with the definition of “morbidly obese”. It should not be forgotten that the body mass index (BMI) is taken as the basis for the surgery, not how much you weigh.
Who Is Obesity Surgery Suitable For?
BMI, that is, body mass index, is taken as a basis for the people to whom these surgical methods will be applied. According to this calculation, the conditions considered suitable for this surgery are as follows:
- Those with a BMI of 40 and above, that is, morbidly obese
- Those with a BMI of 34-40 who have problems such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, heart disease, sleep apnea due to being overweight
- Those with a BMI of 30-35 who have metabolic problems caused by obesity and those who suffer from type 2 diabetes
Is There an Age Limit for Obesity Surgery?
These surgeries can be performed when the individual completes adolescence in order to complete his/her development. In exceptional cases, surgery can be approved for patients aged 14 – 18 years.
However, the age limit has been increased for older adult patients. If there are no diseases such as heart and lung diseases that may prevent the surgery, these surgeries can be approved at the age of 70.
How Effective Is Bariatric Surgery?
In morbidly obese individuals, this surgery is extremely effective and results are seen rapidly, but rapid weight loss should not be expected after the surgery. Factors such as the patient’s age, gender, preoperative weight and height affect the slimming process. It is also important not to continue unhealthy eating habits. It should be kept in mind that the numbers may vary from person to person, and a strict target should not be set.
It is necessary to refer to the recommendations and guidance of the doctor and apply them. The purpose of bariatric surgery is not only to shrink the stomach or to lose weight, but it also increases its effectiveness. Thanks to these methods, the secretion of the hunger hormone of the person is also reduced. The person feels less hungry and gets full quickly.
What are the Risks of Obesity Surgery?
The risks seen in many surgical procedures are also valid for this surgery. Chief among these is the risk of infection. In order to minimize the risk of infection, it is necessary to choose a specialist doctor and a well-equipped hospital. The patient should also pay attention to post-operative care. Another risk is poor healing of the wound. Regular dressing and control of the sutures should not be interrupted.
Small leaks that may occur in the suture line of the reduced stomach is another risk of obesity surgery. Depending on these leaks, abscess formation can be observed. Elimination of this risk also depends on the choice of doctor and hospital. In case of leakage, it should be intervened in the early period.
The risk of embolism is prevented by blood thinners given by the doctor. Medications prescribed by your doctor should be used regularly.
Is Bariatric Surgery Risky?
Today, depending on the development of technology, new and safer equipment and methods are used. Although there is no guarantee of zero risk in any surgery, one of the most common misconceptions among the public is that stomach reduction surgeries are very dangerous. The false information circulating in previous years that surgeries were deadly creates this perception.
There is risk in every surgical intervention. In obesity surgery, this risk is minimized by specialist doctors. An experienced physician will assist his patient in the best way possible. It should not be forgotten that obesity and the diseases it brings are more dangerous than surgery.
Our specialist doctors, who serve in the field of obesity surgery in Turkey, minimize the risks of surgery with their experience in this field. You can have your sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass surgeries done in a safe and healthy way in Turkey.
How Long Does Bariatric Surgery Take?
There are many factors that affect the duration. The duration of sleeve gastrectomy surgery is approximately one hour. Depending on the patient’s condition, the operation can be expected to take between 30-90 minutes. In gastric bypass surgery, both the stomach and intestines need to be reshaped. Therefore, this surgery takes longer than sleeve gastrectomy surgery. Gastric bypass surgery can be expected to take an average of one and a half to two hours.
Before Obesity Surgery
There are some steps applied to prepare the patient before the surgery. Some tests are done to make sure that there will be no problems during or after the surgery. If there is an abnormality in the blood values, this problem is tried to be resolved before the operation.
The drugs used by the patient are reviewed and blood thinners are suspended under the supervision of a doctor. If the patient needs to lose weight in order to minimize the risk before the surgery, he is placed on a special diet. After this diet, he is taken into surgery with the approval of the doctor. If the doctor’s recommendations are followed, the surgery is successful.
After Obesity Surgery
It is very important to pay attention to the nutrition of the patient after the surgery. After discharge from the hospital, the patient is expected to follow the nutritional list given by the physician. Sugary, fatty and high-calorie foods should be avoided. For weight measurement and dressing of the wound, a doctor should be checked and it should not be interrupted. The use of antibiotics given by the doctor to prevent infection should not be neglected. When symptoms such as abdominal pain, vomiting, high fever are encountered, it is necessary to consult a doctor immediately.
When Can You Return to Work After Bariatric Surgery?
Your doctor’s approval is required for returning to business life. Recovery time varies from person to person. The duration also varies according to the surgery. While it is possible to recover and return to work in a week after sleeve gastrectomy, this period may take up to a month in bypass surgery. The tempo and conditions of the work are another factor that affects this period.
Is There a Risk of Weight Gain Again After Bariatric Surgery?
There is always a risk of returning to the old weight for patients who do not change their diet after surgery. After the surgery, the individual should switch to the diet recommended by the doctor and exercise. The stomach is a flexible organ and can expand again even after an operation such as sleeve gastrectomy. There is a risk of regaining weight for every patient who neglects doctor’s checks, has an unhealthy diet, does not exercise, and uses alcohol.
Weight Loss After Stomach Surgery
Weight loss after surgery varies from person to person. For example, there is a big difference between a 120 kg patient losing 20 kg after surgery and a 200 kg patient losing 120 kg. Patients should not set unrealistic, rigid goals for themselves and should follow their doctor’s advice.
Nutrition After Gastric Surgery
Stomach surgery is not a diet, cure or miracle. If the patient does not pay attention to his diet after surgery, weight loss cannot be expected. During this period, a specialist should be consulted if necessary. Protein consumption is very important. At least 60 grams of protein intake per day is required from foods such as chicken, meat and fish. Avoid high-calorie, sugary and fatty foods.
Individuals need to get the food they need. Therefore, care should be taken not to skip meals. At least 3 main meals and 2 snacks should be consumed per day. It is important to eat food in small portions and in small pieces. The use of small plates and small cutlery prevents fast and overeating. Attention should also be paid to fluid consumption.
Exercise After Stomach Surgery
In order not to affect the healing, sports should not be started without the approval of the doctor. Doing sports with an expert also helps to lose weight. Never exercise more than the recommended time, do not lift too much weight, and do not make movements that force the body.
The most ideal exercise in the early postoperative period is walking. Walking should be done at the pace and time recommended by the doctor. If approval is obtained, activities such as swimming and fitness can be switched to in the next period. Doing the exercises you love will increase your desire to do sports.
How Is Follow-up After Obesity Surgery?
Weight regain is observed within 2 years at a rate of 10-20% after surgery. The reason for this is that it is difficult to change the life order. This is why it is important for patients to change their lifestyle after surgery. It is necessary not only to diet, but also to live life actively.
In order to prevent this, working with a doctor, dietitian, psychologist and sports consultant after the surgery prevents weight gain at a high rate. As a result of following such a team, the rate of weight gain decreases to 2%.
How is the Obesity Surgery Method Decided?
The method must be determined individually. Factors such as the patient’s age, medical history, and ailments affect the decision on the right method.
Gastric Sleeve Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy)
It is the tube formation of the stomach by surgery. With this surgery, the volume of the stomach is reduced and the secretion of the hunger hormone is also reduced.
Gastric bypass is a two-stage surgery. In this operation, first a pouch is created and this pouch is connected to the small intestine. Food passes through this pouch first and then directly into the small intestine.
In a method known as robot-assisted laparoscopy surgery, the specialist makes small incisions with the da Vinci robot and intervenes in the patient as desired. This method also helps in morbid obese surgeries.
Gastric Clamp Method
It involves placing an implant, which is a soft silicone ring, around the upper part of the stomach. Forms a two-compartment stomach with a small top at the top of the band. Eat enough food to fill the upper part of the stomach. After the meal, it passes through the opening of the band to the rest of the stomach and digestion occurs normally.
Gastric balloon is the placement of a saline-filled silicone balloon in the stomach. It helps you lose weight by limiting how much you can eat and making you feel full faster.
Bariatric Surgery Prices 2023
There are many factors that affect bariatric surgery prices. The first of these is the preferred type of surgery. Therefore, prices will differ from person to person. In addition, in order to minimize the risks, it is necessary to work with a specialist doctor in a well-equipped hospital. The high quality of the materials used, post-operative care and follow-up also affect the prices. Prices also vary for patients who need to be hospitalized in intensive care. For this reason, it will never be correct to give a clear price. You can contact us to get more clear information, and you can clear the question marks in your mind.
Bariatric surgery applications in Turkey can also be preferred economically. You can have your sleeve gastrectomy surgery in Turkey at affordable prices and at the same time, you can discover this country full of historical riches, you can both regain your health and enjoy your holiday.
You can have your gastric sleeve surgery in Turkey in an economical, safe and risk-free way and dedicate a healthy step to your new life. You can contact our doctors and health institutions about bariatric surgery practices in Turkey and send your questions.
Frequently Asked Questions About Bariatric Surgery
Is Bariatric Surgery Risky?
There are two different types of surgery in this surgery. One of them is Bypass surgery, which impairs food absorption. The other is sleeve gastrectomy surgery, which restricts food intake. Intestinal entanglement, chronic diarrhea and ulcer formation can be observed in 5% of patients after bypass surgeries. Nausea and vomiting may occur in sleeve gastrectomy surgery. Leakage may occur in the staple line after this surgery and bleeding may occur. Endoscopic or repeat laparoscopic correction may be appropriate.
What Diseases Does Obesity Cause?
Diseases such as heart diseases, fatty liver, diabetes, high blood pressure, infertility, sleep apnea are seen together with obesity.
Are There Any Side Effects of Obesity Surgery?
The most common side effects are scarring and bleeding on the skin. It is not possible to leave scars in surgeries using laparoscopic technique. In order to prevent the risk of bleeding, a two-day hospitalization is required after the operation.
What Is The Most Performed Stomach Reduction Surgery?
The most preferred gastric reduction surgery is sleeve gastrectomy surgery. This is because its effectiveness is higher. It does not disturb the natural structure of the digestive system. It is an easier and faster surgery. Thanks to the developing technology, it reduces the complication rates. The duration of anesthesia is short.
What is Metabolic Surgery?
This surgery is named after obesity surgery. Although some individuals are not very obese, they may have metabolic disorders such as fatty liver, diabetes or high blood pressure. This is called metabolic syndrome. Metabolic surgery aims to eliminate this syndrome.
What is the Difference Between Metabolic Surgery and Obesity Surgery?
Techniques and surgeries applied in this surgery are not separate. However, its aim is not only to lose weight, but also to improve metabolic syndrome with weight loss. In addition, these ailments can be eliminated even without high weight gain. This is because gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy surgeries also provide hormonal change.